Table Of Contents
- Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park Introduction
- Phong Nha National Park Location
- The meaning of its name
- Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park History
- The geological and geomorphological
- The Cave System at Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park
- Some Phong Nha Ke Bang world-famous caves
- Phong Nha Ke Bang Tours
Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park Introduction
Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park is located in the North of Truong Son mountain range; belongs to the communes of Tan Trach, Thuong Trach, Phuc Trach, Xuan Trach, and Son Trach in Bo Trach district, Quang Binh province. It was recognized by UNESCO twice as World Natural Heritage according to geological and geomorphological criteria in 2003; and the World Natural Heritage with biodiversity and ecological criteria on July 3, 2015; a must-visit destination in Quang Binh tour programs.
Phong Nha National Park has a fresh, and cool climate all year round with an average of only 20 – 24oC. It is considered one of the two largest karst areas in the world, with an area of over 200,000 hectares (of which; the area is the core area is 85,754 ha and a buffer zone is 195,400 ha). This national park features a million-year-old karst formation with more than 300 caves; and a system of underground rivers. Hundreds of rare species of flora and fauna in existence, including many listed in the Red Book of Vietnam and the world. Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park is the inspiration for tourists and scientists come to explore.
Phong Nha National Park Location
The Phong Nha National Park is about 50 km from Dong Hoi city to the Northwest and about 500 km from Hanoi capital to the south. This national park borders the Hin Namno nature reserve in Khammouan Province, Laos to the west, 42 km east of the East Sea from the border of the two countries.
Phong Nha Ke Bang Map
The meaning of its name
The name Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park is the combination between Phong Nha cave and The limestone mountain system here Ke Bang. So some people often say Phong Nha National Park or Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park.
Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park History
Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park, formerly known as Phong Nha special-use forest, was established under Decision No. 194 / CT on August 9, 1986, of the Prime Minister. The decision to establish a Cultural and Historical Site with a total area of 5,000 hectares. This is the first special-use forest in Quang Binh province to preserve the primary forest ecosystem on limestone mountains associated with the historical relics of the Vietnamese people.
In 2009, Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park was recognized as a Special National Monument according to Decision No. 1272 / QD-TTG on 12/8/2009 of the Prime Minister.
In 2013: The Prime Minister issued Decision No. 1062 / QD-TTG on July 5, 2013, on the adjustment of the boundary of Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park from 85,754 hectares to a total area of 123,326 hectares (an increase of 30,570 hectares).
July 3, 2015, in the 39th session in Bonn, the Federal Republic of Germany, with the full consensus of the member states of the World Heritage Committee (WHC), Phong Nha National Park has been approved by UNESCO.
The geological and geomorphological
Phong Nha National Park is considered as a huge geological museum with global significance because of its complex geographic structure, gathering many different types of stones such as sandstone, quartz, slate, silicic lime, macaroni, granodiorite, diorite, aplite, pegmatite.
Phong Nha Ke Bang also contains a long history of complex geological development from 400 million years ago of the earth. Experiencing important tectonic phases and faulty, rock-coordinated, and corrugated movements created mountain ranges and sedimentary basins subsided. The above fluctuations have also contributed to creating the diversity of geology, topography, and geomorphology.
The Cave System at Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park
Not only the historical value of geology, topography, geomorphology, Phong Nha-Ke Bang is also blessed with mysterious and majestic landscapes by nature. Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park hides many mysteries of nature, caves like magnificent castles in the heart of limestone mountains created millions of years ago.
Phong Nha Ke Bang area has a population of more than 300 large and small caves, dubbed the “Kingdom of the cave“, where many strange and fascinating hidden things are a paradise for scientists, Cave explorers, adventurers, and tourists.
These caves can be divided into three main systems: the Phong Nha cave system, the Vom cave system, and the Ruc Mon cave system.
Phong Nha cave system
Phong Nha Cave System has a total length of over 45km, originating from the south of Ke Bang limestone mountains. The main gate of this cave system is Khe Ry and Hang En caves. It is located at an altitude of about 300m above sea level, and the last one is Phong Nha Cave with a total length of about 45 km. The caves in this system are distributed in the form of branches running in the northeast-southwest direction included
Dark Cave: located on the upstream of Son river. This cave is 5,258 m long and 83 m high, 736 m long.
Cha An Cave: 667 m long and 15 m high.
Hang Thung has a 3351 m long underground river.
Hang En: 1645 m long and 78.6 m high, with sand inside, is the habitat of swallows.
Khe Tien Cave: located south of Phong Nha, 520 m long.
Khe Ry Cave: located in the south of Phong Nha.
Hang Khe Thi.
Phong Nha Cave.
Vom cave system
Vom cave system with a total length of over 30km originates from Ruc Ca Roong cave. It is located at an altitude of 360m above sea level and ends with Vom cave. The Vom cave system is located on the axis with a general direction of South-North. Ruc Ca Roong River, hidden in rocky mountains, reappears in narrow and deep valleys, and finally empties into Chay River at the mouth of Vom cave.
The Vom cave system includes:
Hang Vom: 15.05 km long and 145 m high with many beautiful stalactites and stalagmites.
Dai Cao Cave: 1645 m long and 28 m high.
Hang Duot: 3,927 m long and 45 m high, with fine sand.
Hang Ca: 1,500 m long, 62 m high.
Tiger Cave: 1,616 m long and 46 m high
Hang Over: 3,244 m long and 103 in width with a height of 30–50 m.
Pygmy Cave: 845 m long.
Ruc Caroong Cave: inhabited by the Arem minority. They live in caves and hunt in the wild.
The system of Ruc Mon caves
located in Minh Hoa district, is also one of the large caves but has not been exploited much. The Ruc Mon cave has a length of 2863m, has an arch depth of 49m, in the cave, there is an underground river flowing through, many stalactites are considered very beautiful and pristine.
Some Phong Nha Ke Bang world-famous caves
Phong Nha Cave (Wet Cave)
Phong Nha Cave is the most typical landmark of the cave system of the Phong Nha – Ke Bang scenic complex. It has a total length of 7,729 meters. There are 14 caves, 13,969 meters long underground river shimmering most magic and brilliant. The cave gate is about 10 meters high and 25 meters wide. From above, the stalactites dripped down to look like giant drops of dew.
Tien Son Cave (Dry Cave)
Next to Phong Nha is Tien Son Cave (Dry Cave) located at an altitude of 200m. According to geologists, since ancient times the underground river was empty, leaving only white stone arches and jade green stone pillars. The stalactites in Phong Nha cave have been tectonic for millions of years of karst limestone, absorbed by rainwater, dissolved and flowed down from the roof of the cave to form extremely fancy stalactites like lions, thrones, The Buddha …
Rainwater continued to fall to the bottom of the cave, forming a stalagmite with calcium. The stalagmites, stalactites, underground rivers are in all shapes and sizes. Phong Nha seems to be the convergence of all the most perfect beauty of nature and the place where imagination is most sublimated.
The Paradise Cave
Paradise Cave is considered by the Royal British Cave Association to be the longest dry cave in Asia, one of the greatest caves that the team has ever surveyed in the world. The cave is majestic, magnificent, and fanciful, making cave explorers think of a celestial paradise in the earth.
Son Doong Cave
In particular, recently, a British expedition recently discovered one of the greatest caves that is the Son Doong. This cave is the largest cave in the world. The largest chamber in Son Doong Cave is over 5 km long, 200 m high and 150 m wide. At this size, Son Doong Cave surpasses Deer Cave in Gunung Mulu National Park in Sarawak Malaysia to be the greatest cave in the world. It is 4-5 times larger than the Phong Nha cave and Paradise Cave.
Son Doong cave is considered to be a picture “magnificent, amazingly beautiful” with many stalactites in strange shapes, the most special thing that contains primary forest growing in the cave. The world’s geoscientists say Son Doong is the world’s greatest cave.
Phong Nha Ke Bang Tours
Traveling to Dong Hoi city, Phong Nha town, Quang Bình province, you will be surprised by the wonders of nature and can’t stand to join our Phong Nha Tours such as
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